Dr. Cesar P. Pobre is a retired colonel of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). At present, he is a consultant/research fellow at the Office of Strategic and Special Studies and lecturer at the Command and General Staff colleges of the AFP. He is a fellow of the National Defense College of the Philippines (NDCP) where he used to be the vice president for Research and Studies. Much of his active military service was spent in the Philippine Military Academy (PMA) as a faculty member and, for quite some some, the dean of Corps of Professors. He worked in the civil government for a few years at the Batasang Pambansa as deputy secretary-general and, later sergeant-at-arms.

Dr. Pobre obtained his bachelor of science degree from the PMA and master of arts degree (history) from the University of the Philippines where he earned a university scholarship and a life membership in the International Honor Societies of Phi Kappa Phi and Pi Gamma Mu. He finished his doctor of philosophy degree (history) at the University of Karachi (Pakistan) through the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization Post Graduate Scholarship Programme. He also holds a master's degree in National Security Administration from the NDCP and was a Defense Research Exchange scholar of the National Institute for Defense Studies of Japan.

Among Dr. Pobre's writings are "The Resistance Movement in Northern Luzon: 1942-45" and "History of Political Parties in Pakistan." He was instrumental in correcting the Foundation Day of the PMA; it now traces its roots to the Academia Militar, which was established by the Filipino revolutionary leaders on 25 October 1898.

Born in Paoay, Ilocos Norte, the author was inspired to join the profession of arms by his father, who was a veteran of the Philippine Revolution and Philippine-American War. He and his wife Lily currently live at their home in South Fairview, Quezon City, Philippines.


The book recounts the long undaunted struggle of the Filipinos to be free from the revolts sporadically staged against Spanish colonial rule and the glorious revolution of 1896 that was the crowning glory of their freedom movement, through the Philippine-American War, the defense against Japan in World War II, the anti-Japanese guerrilla warfare and, finally, to the liberation of the country from the Japanese forces.

This is a story of how a people with hardly any military preparation fought to unshackle themselves from the Spanish yoke. It relates how they made the Americans pay dearly for virtually every inch of ground they yielded, not because they were well-armed, well-fed and well-trained, for they never were, but because of their effective common-sense tactics and strategy, and their unflinching willingness to die for the country.

Here, the savagery of the Philippine-American War is told - the sadistic torture methods, the oppressive hamletting of inhabitants like canned sardines for weeks or even months on end, and the gruesome Balanggiga massacre. Also narrated is the Filipino and American forces' retreat to, and valiant stand in, Bataan, where due to hunger and disease they suffered quite a lot more casualties than they did in combat.

This book relates the way the Armed Forces have been addressing the communist insurgency and the Muslim separatist movement. It gives an account of the rise and fall of the Marcos regime, the EDSA Revolution and the RAM's emergence, and theorizes that the Americans have had a hand in all these. Likewise, it details the coup attempts against the Corazon Aquino government which failed, thanks to the AFP.

The 731-page book is available through its publisher, NEW DAY PUBLISHERS, #11 Lands Street, VASRA/P.O. Box 1167, 1100 Quezon City, Philippines (Tel. 632-928-8046 or 927-5982). It's ISBN is 971-10-1041-0.